Orlando Villas Boas, advocate for native Brazilians' rights
Dec. 13, 2002
SAO PAULO, Brazil - Orlando Villas Boas, a leading advocate for Brazil's Indian tribes and indigenous rights, died Thursday. He was 88.
Hospitalized on Nov. 14 with an acute intestinal infection, the fun-loving, gregarious Villas Boas was the last surviving of four brothers who dedicated their lives to protecting the tribes.
When he was 29, he joined his brothers - Claudio, Alvaro and Leonardo - in the Roncador-Xingu expedition created by the government to chart areas for future towns and cities in the Amazon and central western Brazil.
During this expedition, from 1943 to 1960, the Villas Boas brothers helped establish Western civilization's first contact with several Indian tribes.
The brothers witnessed the harm that roads, airstrips and contact with the White man caused to the Indians, prompting them to become their most outspoken defenders.
Orlando and Claudio, the most famous of the four, eventually moved in with Indians and stayed in the jungle for 32 years.
In 1961, they persuaded the government to create its first, and probably most successful, reservation: the Xingu National Park.
Seventeen Indian nations were transferred from ancestral lands to the 5.6 million-acre reservation in northern Mato Grosso state. Today, more than 3,000 Indians live there in relative isolation from White culture.
For their work in defense of the country's indigenous population, Orlando and Claudio were nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1976.
George Gaffney, pianist nominated for Emmy
Dec. 13, 2002
LOS ANGELES - Emmy-nominated pianist George Gaffney, who accompanied such musicians as Peggy Lee, Engelbert Humperdinck and Sarah Vaughan, died Dec. 4 of a stroke. He was 62.
Born in New York City, Gaffney began studying the piano at age 10 but switched to the trombone.
After serving in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1958 to 1961, Gaffney returned to New York, where he played piano and began arranging and accompanying singers.
Gaffney moved to the Chicago area in the mid-1960s and was musical director of the Playboy Club in Lake Geneva, Wis., where he first met Vaughan.
Gaffney came to California in the early 1970s, found work as a studio musician and accompanist, and was nominated for an Emmy.
From 1980 to 1990, he was Vaughan's accompanist and musical director.
He moved to Las Vegas in 1994 and worked as Humperdinck's musical director.
Allan Frumkin, dealer In European, U.S. art
Dec. 13, 2002
NEW YORK - Allan Frumkin, 75, a dealer in European and American modern art who owned galleries in New York and Chicago, died Monday.
The cause was complications from Crohn's disease.
Frumkin became interested in modern art during a trip to Europe in 1950. While there, he met modern artists who helped him make contacts in the United States.
In 1952, Frumkin opened his Chicago gallery, which helped to introduce the European Surrealists. Seven years later he opened a gallery in New York.
He featured the first or early shows of H.C. Westermann, Peter Saul, Robert Arneson, Philip Pearlstein, Leon Golub and William Wiley.
He also showed Mondrian landscapes, Munch prints, and Miro drawings and gave solo shows to Walter Murch, Franz Kline, Paul Klee and Saul Steinberg.
Evamarie Mathaey, 65, started photo magazine
Dec. 13, 2002
BOCA RATON, Fla. - Evamarie Mathaey, one of the founders of Nature Photographer Magazine, died Monday in a car crash. She was 65.
Mathaey and two others started the magazine 13 years ago with 300 subscribers, eventually reaching 20,000 subscribers worldwide. The how-to magazine features photographs and stories about nature and wildlife from around the world.
Murray Pergament, 76, began home-store chain
Dec. 13, 2002
NEW YORK - Murray Pergament, who with his stepfather opened two paint-and-wallpaper stores in 1946 that grew into a chain of home-supply stores, died Tuesday from cancer. He was 76.
Pergament and his stepfather opened their first two stores on Long Island in 1946. They quickly decided to expand to lighting, flooring, lawn products and more, becoming one of the first retailers to offer reasonably priced supplies to do-it-yourselfers.
The company's slogan, "Be Confident, Shop Pergament," was designed to appeal to homeowners in the new postwar suburbs.
The family sold the company to two investor groups in 1989, and it has changed hands several times since.
'Gunsmoke' producer John Mantley, 82
Jan. 20, 2003
LOS ANGELES - John Mantley, executive producer of Gunsmoke during the TV Western's final decade, died Tuesday. He was 82 and had Alzheimer's disease.
Born in Ontario, Canada, the former stage and radio actor began his television career directing live dramas in New York City in the early 1950s.
He later wrote for live and filmed dramatic shows, including Checkmate, Desilu-Westinghouse Playhouse, Kraft Television Theater, The Outer Limits and Rawhide, as well as episodes of The Untouchables.
Mantley became the executive producer of Gunsmoke in 1967. He shifted the show's focus from its central characters to more of an anthology style with stories featuring guest stars such as Bette Davis.
After Gunsmoke was canceled in 1975, Mantley was executive producer of How the West Was Won, an ABC series that began as the 1976 miniseries The Macahans.
Mantley earned a master's degree in theater arts from the Pasadena Playhouse in 1947.
John Fox, a founder of Minute Maid Corp.
Jan. 20, 2003
WINTER PARK, Fla. - John M. Fox, a founder of Minute Maid Corp., which developed the first commercial batch of frozen orange juice concentrate and grew into a giant business, died Jan. 9. He was 90.
In 1946, Fox and four other businessmen started Florida Foods Inc., which produced orange juice concentrate using a vacuum technique he had seen used during World War II to dehydrate penicillin and food for the military.
The company changed its name in 1947 to Minute Maid Corp., and Fox went door to door giving out free samples. He also hired singer Bing Crosby as the company's first spokesman.
By 1955, Minute Maid sales reached $106.5 million. The company went public the next year, and built a headquarters in Orlando.
Coca-Cola bought Minute Maid in 1960.
Fox served as chairman and chief executive officer of United Fruit Co. from 1960 to 1979 in Boston.
'Jack' Dales, retired actors guild executive
Jan. 20, 2003
LOS ANGELES - John L. "Jack" Dales, who as executive secretary for the Screen Actors Guild pioneered the effort to get residuals for actors, died of a cerebral hemorrhage Thursday. Dales, 95, retired in 1973 after 34 years with SAG. He was a 22-year member of the Motion Picture & Television Fund board, serving as president from 1980 to 1988.
Born in Santa Monica, Calif., Dales joined SAG as an attorney in 1937 and was later chosen by actor James Cagney, who was then SAG president, as the guild's executive secretary, the equivalent of executive director.
Dales saw the guild through its first three strikes, the fall of the studio system, the rise of television and commercials, creation of residuals, the establishment of the first pension and health plan, the blacklist years and the push to bring greater diversity into casting, SAG officials said.
The issue of whether actors should be paid extra when movies in which they appeared were shown on television first came up in 1948 and was the subject of three strikes.
The residuals system for theatrical films sold to television was largely established in 1960, when Ronald Reagan was SAG president.
Charles Sternberg, led refugee relief group
Jan. 20, 2003
NEW YORK - Charles Sternberg, who fled Nazi persecution and went on to head the largest private American refugee assistance organization, died Thursday. He was 91.
Sternberg was executive director of the International Rescue Committee from 1965 to 1985. Under his stewardship, the organization's budget rose to $22.1 million from $1.2 million.
The group has helped feed, shelter and resettle millions of refugees around the world, from Cuba and Latin American to Southeast Asia, the former Soviet bloc and Africa.
Sternberg was born in 1911 in Moravia, then part of the Austrian empire. He studied law in Czechoslovakia before working for 20th Century Fox there.
In 1938, Sternberg went to France. After the Nazis stormed Paris, he bicycled to Marseille, France, where he helped others escape the country. He fled to the United States in 1942.
Sternberg joined the U.S. Army and spent the rest of the war years working for the Czech-language division of its Office of European Economic Research. He then joined the International Rescue Committee, working first in Germany and then in New York.
Psychologist, author A. Fromme, 87, dies
Feb. 2, 2003
SARASOTA, Fla. - Allan Fromme, a psychologist and the author of eight books on relationships and child care, died Thursday. He was 87.
Fromme was the author of The ABC of Child Care in 1960, The Ability to Love in 1963, and Understanding the Sexual Response in Humans in 1966.
Fromme had a psychotherapy practice for 50 years and taught at City College of New York, Sarah Lawrence College and Columbia University. He also served as chief psychologist at the Child Guidance Clinic of St. Luke's Hospital and director of the Mental Hygiene Clinic of the University Settlement House, both in New York City.
The New York native moved to Sarasota in 1976.